The oldest city in America was in the north of Peru, Caral, according to scientific evidence, has a mean age between 2627 and 2100 BC approximately.
The birthplace of American civilization:Caral has some of the older buildings found in the Supe valley, with platforms on which there are two football stadiums and buildings of five floors.
While Egypt flourished along the Nile, 5000 years ago, a similar culture in complex began to emerge in Peru, where archaeologists have found the remains of the oldest civilization of America.
Joined The age of the Sacred City of Caral has been confirmed across 42 radio carbon dating conducted in the United States. According to them, the Sacred City of Caral has an average age dating from between 2627 and 2100 years BC about where the rest of American urban development began after 1550 years in Peru. Their discovery changed the layouts so far were on the rise of ancient civilizations in Peru.
Until recently it was considered to Chavín de Huantar as one of the oldest cultural centers in the country data, with up to 1500 years BC
Toponymy According to the Quechua names of Yungay, Peru, the word is derived from Caral Qaqaq meaning "give, offer, deal" with what might be inferred that it was' a place where they were gifts or offerings.
Population The most conservative calculations estimate that the sacred city of Caral housed 1,000 to 3,000.
Architecture The center of monumental architecture, and had been photographed from the air in the 40s of the twentieth century, but the start of systematic excavations in the sacred city of Caral in 1996, under the leadership of Dr. Ruth Shady.
Buildings in the Sacred City of Caral were continuously remodeled, with increasingly complex structures. This means the evolution of building techniques, knowledge of the exact sciences such as arithmetic, geometry and astronomy who also influenced the ancient Peruvian cultures. Underlined space, architecture and precision, especially in the six volumes of the larger pyramids.
The most monumental buildings are:
- Pyramid Mayor
- Pyramid Minor
- Pyramid Gallery
- The Pyramid of the Huanca
- El Templo del Anfiteatro
- The Pyramid of the quarry and
- Circular Altar of the Temple.
- At the foot of the Templo Mayor, and The Pyramid Amphitheater was built large circular plazas, gathering spaces for residents of the city, where probably was carried out accompanied by the music of flute and Flugelhorns.
- Pyramidal structures found for the 32, one 18 m high, coinciding with the date on which Egyptian civilization built theirs.
The Sacred City of Caral is 65 hectares.
The altar of sacred fire
Has also been called a holy city because it is a time when for the first time, it is known so far, companies in Peru had a central government, establishing the status and uses religion as a means of affirmation.
Everything that has been dug in the city is saturated with religiosity. There are many offerings for constructed hearths. There is ritual in every part. Not only in public places or temples but even in homes.
Among the things that have been found in Caral, apart from its striking architecture, there are artifacts of different materials: stone, wood, stone, and quenas-boleadoras made of pelican and condor bones, ornaments for the important people or to the gods they worship.
In 2005 he presented new findings in Peru Caral made by the team led by archaeologist Ruth Shady, principal redescubridora of this city. Quipu was found in a regular state of conservation, implying that this system of recording data is almost five thousand years and not above fifteen hundred verified.
It has also presented a possible reconstruction of the population, based on the skull of a boy killed in their twenties at the time.