Along with Machu Picchu, the fortress of Kuelap (eighth century AD), still beautiful, unknown and shrouded in mystery and legend, is the largest archaeological monument of the ancient Peruvians. From its walls over 20 meters high, 3 thousand meters above sea level, the panoramic view is unbeatable. Entrenched in the upper valley Utcubamba, circular architecture and fine interior design in their homes, the construction required the use of 40 million square feet of material. Alleys to walls in the shape of funnels in decline to allow entry inside the premises. There are three entrances that lead to heart de Kuelap. In one narrow alley-ways are to prevent passing more than one person at a time, which facilitated the defense of the ancient inhabitants of the fortress. To the left of the runway there is a semicircular series deviviendas in perfect condition. A few meters ahead is the dark (circular structure with sloping walls). It is believed that there were human and animal sacrifices.
Department of Peru located in the northeastern region of the country, owns part of the jungle region and part of the Forest Region. Bounded on the north by Ecuador, Loreto andalusia east, southeast with San Martin in the south with La Libertad and Cajamarca to the West. Its relief is formed by the Andean Cordillera del Condor Call
Marain River, in its passage through the departamento.Raos biggest Marañon Chinchipe Utcubamba, Imaza, Cenepa and Santiago.
Lagoons: Laguna of the Condors (Chachapoyas-Leymebamba), Del Porvenir (Bagua - Aramango) Lagoon Chonza (Bagua - Copallan) Pomacochas (in Bongaru) over 2,000 m.
Abras: Black Barro (at 3680 m) in Chachapoyas, Miguel Pardo (to 2930 m) in Bong and Rioja; Chanchilla (at 2212 m) in Chachapoyas and Campanquiz (1,200 m) in Condorcanqui.
Pongo: Dorpin (600 m), Manseriche (500 m), Huaracayo (450 m), Umari (450 meters) and in Condorcanqui Rentema (500 m) in Bagua.
In the Mesozoic Era of the territories were under Utcubamba habitat Titanosauria sauropods and fearsome terapodo Carnoturus Sastrey. The fossil bones were collected at the place of Rentema (Bagua) and Quebrada Seca (Utcubamba) and now these fossils and scale models are on display at the Museo de Historia Natural Javier Prado Lima.
La river is represented by Baguatherium who lived 31 million years ago in the low Utcubamba (Huarangopampa village, El Milagro distro). Took the form of a cross between a rhino and tapir, measured nearly three meters long and weighed about 2.5 tons. Studies indicate that this mammal was probably fed on plants grown on the banks of a sea located in what is now the Amazon. The researchers reached these conclusions after analyzing a jaw, isolated teeth and a femur of this animal found in the area.
In the lower basin of the river Utcubamba were the first traces of the ancient inhabitants of the Amazon; Yamin, Linya Grande, Chiaylla, Lemons, Tablarrumi, Carachuca present the oldest rock icons of the region and belonging to the preceramic period. In the 70s archaeologist Ruth M. Shady Solis, found that after the first settlers traveling settled the great Bagua culture (1300-200 BC) under the Training Period, the places she worked were enuentran in the current provinces of Bagua and Utcubamba (Bagua, La Peca -- Morerilla, El Salado), the plains of Utcubamba in the past played a key role, as it was a sort of meeting place between the inhabitants of the lowland and the people coming from both the coast and the rugged mountain range, with the aim trocar products.
On April 17th 1549, the Spanish captain Diego Palomino came to the river Chuquimayo (Chinchipe), then left to visit different regions of the current provinces of San Ignacio, Jaen and Bagua Utcubamba. Having inspected the valley under Utcubamba (right and left) made a list of the most important thing that he found the document and then sent to the King of Spain.
In Diego Palomino's relationship and the relationship of soil anomina Jaun, realizes some aspects of social, political, economic welfare of residents of low Utcubamba in the sixteenth century.
Other historical data
In the department of Amazonas is the unwinding of the Chachapoyas culture or prominent Sachapuyos. Cities and their tombs, their platforms and ceramics, their temples and fortresses testify to the progress made by ersta civilization. The fortress of Kuelap is their greatest legacy. Moreover, in the province of Luya developed cultures and Chipuric Revach (800 to 1200 AD).
Around 1475 the region was annexed to the Inca Empire, then the Spanish invaded the territory and founded on September 5 in 1538, the most noble and loyal city of San Juan of the border now known simply as Chachapoyas city of Chachapoyas. Since then it became the capital of eastern Peru, Chachapoyas since gravitated as a center of operations for the conquest of the jungle. After all, the people supported independence and in April 1821 endorsed the action of the army of Jose de San Martin and Matorras, ignoring the Spanish authority. Resulting in the great battle of Figs Hurcos 06 June 1821 where the patriotic forces under the command of Matthew Amazonas Rimachi get the victory for freedom from Spanish oppression.
Kuelap: (Kuelap-Luya) well-preserved archaeological remains above Utcubamba River Valley, the most interesting of the department of Amazonas. For more information look at Kuelap.
Leymebamba Museum (Leymebamba-Chachapoyas) The museum, opened in 2000, houses more than 200 mummies found in the Lagoon of the Condors.
The third waterfall Gocta highest waterfall in the world discovered in 2005
Caverns Cambiopitec: (Copallin-Bagua) are two caves in the formative period were human occupation, is located in the hamlet of Cambiopitec; that hustles to arrive there two hours and a half foot or twenty minutes by car from the village of Copallin; was built stairs for access. All year is ripe for visits.
Cave Churuyacu: (La Peca-Bagua) Located one hour from the district of La Peca, between winter and coffee crops. Your income is uneven, its interior with large and narrow passages, lots of stalactites and estalacmitas.
Pongo de Rentema: (The Bagua-Peca) The income of the Marañon River in the central mountains. Located only 14 kilometers from the town of Bagua and 400 meters.
Canyon El Arenal (La Peca-Bagua) Beautiful natural cut of the ridge by the stream La Peca.
Waterfall Numparket-New Hope (Aramango-Bagua) has a fall of 90 meters in height, the water will form the gorge Aramango.
Laguna El Porvenir (Aramango-Bagua) Its area is 1.5 km. The depth of 80 m in the deepest part. Is only two hours of Bagua in rural truck. Is favorable for swimming and boating.
Native native aguarunas.Comunidades: (Bagua And Condorcanqui) Are ethnic groups belonging to the group of Jibaros. Seváticos inhabit the districts of Bagua, and Aramango Imaza. Peseen their own dialect and unique crafts. this group are representatives of the human Aguaruna and Huambisa.
Archaeological site or Llacta Angue High (La Peca-Bagua) Located two hours from the town of Arrayan, are a series of buildings on the slopes of the central cordillera of the Andes, the structures are semi-circular shape and possibly served as a monitoring, because there you can see the entire valley under Utcubamba, Marañón and Chinchipe.