These offerings are made during the month of August, thus being the first day of this month that begins this important ceremony of Andean belief. This ceremony of offerings, which are commonly known as payments to the Earth or Pachamama by the Andean population, are rituals of ancestral origin that are part of a system of reciprocity between the material world and the spiritual world.
This ritual has the purpose of returning to Mother Earth what she has given you and what we can aspire to our deepest desires about life and what we want for our loved ones. Ceremony that takes place on the first day of the month of August in the same way throughout the month.
These ceremonies to the Pachamama are basically two types, in the homes in which particular offerings are made and in the summit or mountains community offerings are made where Andean priests perform ancestral ceremonies, so that the Pachamama will satisfy their hunger and grant them blessings.
MOTHER EARTH AND ANDEAN RELIGIOUSNESS
The offerings made to Mother Earth have as an elementary origin the relationship between the Andean man, especially the peasant, the pachamama or mother earth.
These offerings are a characteristic way in which man returns to Pachamama what he has extracted from it. The fundamental purpose is the restoration of reciprocity between the human being and nature.
"The Pachamama is a deity who represents Mother Earth, being a protector and provider, source of life and fertility"
CEREMONIES, OFFERINGS AND RITUALS
The essential purpose is that of the restoration between the human being and nature; With the offerings or payments made, the farmer asks the Pachamama for permission to open it and return symbolically some of its fruits. In the same way these rituals are destined to the Apus or spirits of the mountain by means of the dispatches. The Apu represents the masculine aspect of nature while the pachamama is the feminine aspect. The Apu is responsible for the protection of animals, men and fecunda to the Pachamama. In this way the offerings they offer are an act of cosmic reciprocity, it is the realization of universal and cosmic justice, it is a fulfillment of mutual duty.
The breaking of this principle would cause serious distortions of balance in the religious, natural and social systems. For the Andean men the offerings they offer have a value of reconciliation with the spiritual forces in order to prevent misfortunes, in the same way they present rites of passage.
The rituals of offering are directed by specialists in the Andean religiosity and according to the knowledge they acquire and the faculties that they obtain for these characters, they can be classified in different hierarchies or levels of priesthood.
The learning process to be able to advance in the grades is complex and full of tests. The first step is pampamisayoc which means "the one that has the work table in the pampa". The Altomisayoc or Hatunmisayoc, is considered within the priestly rank and his work is prophetic, mystical and charismatic, it is said that he has the ability and power to communicate with entities or spiritual beings of the religious world. To reach this rank one has to go through a test which is called Karpay after this is devoted to the service of a certain Apu. This condition is temporary because it can be lost due to bad behavior, such as misuse of power, collection of money for self-enrichment or reprehensible sexual behavior. There is also a higher rank in the Andean priesthood which is called Kuraq Akulleq, it has the ability to make contact with higher spiritual forces.
The table, offering or dispatches:
These are elaborated by the Andean priests who have knowledge of how to make the ceremonial blanket and the paper of the office where the offering is wrapped, they have to know how to choose and order the coca leaves for the kintus (three coca leaves that are used so ceremonial) are used in the offerings and likewise must have knowledge of all the other elements that are used in the office, such as seashells, seeds, huairuros and other elements depending on the purpose of the office either payment or offering.
In the same way you can perform healing with medicinal plants, divinations and magical diagnoses, read the coca leaf and see the bad luck or good luck. They can provide amulets, talismans and the like.
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