The Sacred Valley
Is between the towns of Pisac and Ollantaytambo, parallel to the river or Vilcanota Wilcamayu ( 'holy river'). You can access it from the city of Cusco.
If something striking in Cusco, its contrasts. When one is in the center of the city by walking its streets convoluted and mysterious, or sitting comfortably in the square, it is difficult to imagine the magnificent hills neighbors could harbor a landscape similar to the Sacred Valley. Few places in the Tahuantinsuyo could compete with the beauty and richness of this valley: not for nothing was given that name. Their "sacred" has survived the passage of time and magic that continues to seduce travelers. Many of them surrendered to her charm, they decide to up sticks and take root in the shade of eucalyptus trees on the banks of the Urubamba River.
Accompanied during his tour of the Urubamba River or Vilcanota. By visiting the circuit shows the towns of Pisac, Yucay, Urubamba, Ollantaytambo and Chinchero. In each there are pre-Hispanic archaeological remains, which were built by different Incas, using them as fortresses and places of rest. Ideal for craft shopping.
The Sacred Valley has become one of the most important tourist centers in the country. Apart from having a rich history unmatched, Urubamba region offers endless possibilities of amusement for tourists: hiking, thermal baths, trips in kayaks or rafts on the river, flights in hang gliding or paragliding, horseback riding, hiking, etc.. In recent years there have been participatory tourism programs, for example by inviting the traveler to work on a track or collect the salt of a salt. The Sacred Valley is home also to two of the largest craft market in Cusco: Pisac and Chinchero.
Although in recent years has significantly increased the tourism infrastructure in the area, as it has a substantial range of reasonable accommodations, and restaurants, the valley has retained its natural charm peace.
Yucay was the name by which the Incas named in this fertile valley, one of the most prolific of Peru, the Sacred Valley. Inca lands were their descendants. They were later recognized by the Spanish possessions through the actual grants awarded to the Inca nobility. As testimony to that time the palace has remained Sayri TÃºpac precisely in the locality of Yucay.
The Sacred Valley runs along the river Vilcanota (the one down the name of Urubamba or Willcamayu). It covers the area between the towns of Pisac and Ollantaytambo.
You can access it through two paved roads: the first and most used is the part north of Cusco and leads via Chinchero (28 Kms.), The town of Urubamba (57 km.).
A second part of the route heading northeast towards Cusco Pisac (32 kms.) And then follows the river to the town of Vilcanota Calca (50 kms.) In the heart of the valley. The first route is the busiest because it is in better condition.
In the valley there is a succession of picturesque towns (some with beautiful colonial churches), platforms and other archaeological remains, well, its fertile soils are in the world's most famous corn. Its exceptional climate makes this valley a destination for anyone visiting Cuzco.
Among the tourist highlights climbing practiced in the snowy Chicon, \ Vtkav Willca (also known as Puma or Veronica chair), Pitusiray, Sawasiray, Terijway and Sunchobamba (all peaks of the Cordillera Vilcanota over 5000 mts. Height ), hiking or trekking, canoeing (in tranches Pisac / Calca / Huaran / Ollantaytambo), or horseback riding and mountain biking. In the villages of the valley there are numerous hotels and restaurants of typical food.
We recommend spending the night in one.
Its altitude is 2,800 meters above sea level, which gives it a mild climate. As on land located at this altitude, its climate is marked by two seasons: rain and drought. The wet season occurs between November and April. Epoch in which can unleash a downpour in seconds and, unfortunately, is not always a blue sky. But the rainy season also has its advantages, because the hills are covered with a green and the temperatures are usually mild.
During the drought of the sky colors are bright but the air is often so dry that the skin seems to break. The night is usually very cold and can freeze in the morning. The starry sky is a real show for this season. The Sacred Valley is, climatically speaking, an ideal place. This was acknowledged by ancient Peruvians who came here to cure some diseases. Despite high temperatures and to be an area full of vegetation, the valley is free from mosquitoes by the altitude at which it is. It is hard to suffocate, as always a cool breeze blowing.
If one chooses to go by car, you will know that reference out the street you will find Grifo Saphi San Carlos, where supplies of gasoline and can check the status of your car in comfort.
Following the route and arrive in San Cristobal, if you have a little time can make a stop in the church and visit one of the most popular saints protectors of Cusco. The road to the Sacred Valley is the same that leads to Sacsayhuaman, so if necessary and time allows you can visit the ruins of this complex Quenco, Puca Pucara and Tambomachay.
What's impressive is that the exit path involves ascending the hills overlooking Cusco, which can enjoy breathtaking views of the city, especially when dusk or at night. If the weather and light are favorable, you can take stunning photos. From these points it is possible to observe in detail the structure of the city. When the days are clear, the contrast between the red roofs and the blue sky is spectacular.
On the trail of eucalyptus
The road is nice, but with many curves. Throughout the journey, and eucalyptus brooms accompany the traveler. At four minutes to arrive Tambomachay Corao and andalusia andalusia open veranda, overlooking the valley from where. Every Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday is carried out here for a craft fair.
The lookout Taray
It is the first place you really can see the valley. The landscape, as is customary in Cuzco, the traveler was surprised, because after long curves and hills, the hills were suddenly opened and the valley is shown in detail. Below, the river run or Vilcanota Urubamba. From here you can take magnificent photographs. It is common to find children who anxiously await the arrival of tourists to offer catalogs that make them "and those who feel extremely proud. The road continues, and if you're lucky, you can glimpse the snowy Huancalle and Pitusiray.
The breasts of Ñusta
The first place you visit after going down hills and crossing Corao and Taray is Pisac. A media is giving a fantastic view of the village. If you have time and the car then we suggest you stop here you can take good pictures and observe the structure of the village. On the left side of Pisac, at the foot of the mountains, can see the "Breasts of Ã'usta, four rows of terraces that simulate breasts of a woman. Say, it could have been a tribute to fertility. Although these platforms are so close to the people, have remained intact to this day.
URUBAMBA (2871 m)
Incaico home town at 76 miles. (1 h 15 min.) Cusco via Pisac, and to 57 Kms. (45 min.) Chinchero by. Located in the heart of the Urubamba valley, surrounded by beautiful landscapes dominated Chicon and the snowy countryside. He was one of the major agricultural centers of the Inca Empire. In its place is a colonial church. It has several hotels, restaurants and picanterias countryside.