The discovery of the royal tombs of the Lord of Sipan was a significant milestone in the archeology of the American continent, because for the first time was found intact and no signs of looting, a burial of a realPeruvian civilization before the Inca. The coffin of rods that found, was the first of its kind to be found in America and revealed the magnificence and majesty of the ruler and warrior of the single ancient Peru found to date of its discovery, whose life lasted about 250 years D.C.
Its discovery took place 500 meters from the village of Sipan is located at Lambayeque Region. Located on the north coast of the country 751 kilometers from Lima. Bordered by the northern Piura, on the south by the Freedom, on the east, Cajamarca, on the west by Ocean Pacific.
The Mochica culture developed along the coast from the north Lima to Piura region where there are about a quincena valleys. In every valley had with their respective populations rulers, but the Lord of Sipan was the ruler of the maximum social structure and political culture, in Lambayeque.
In this dress warrior and ruler measuring approximately 1.67 m. and died at 3 months of governing, and are the jewels ornaments of the highest ranking as breastplates, necklaces, nose, ear rings, hats, scepters and bracelets. Predominate in these use pieces of gold, silver, copper and gold stones semi precious. In his tomb, and found more than 400 jewels.
The collar of gold and silver is a religious symbol of the gods main, the Sun and Moon. On the right side of the chest, collar was gold and silver on the left side. Symbolized display two gods in the sky at a time of day. Ie, perfect balance, according to mythology mochica.
Due to its high power and hierarchy semidivino, this ruling was buried along with eight people, apparently by the costumes and skeletons found, his wife and two women possibly concubines,a military commander, an officer, carrying a banner and a child. Among the animal had found a dog and two llamas.
Below the Lord of Sipan tomb, they found two other graves, the priest and below, the Old Lord of Sipan.
At that the priest, there were parts that would indicate that one of the main characters in the religious hierarchy of the Mochica culture. This priest, by the DNA analysis performed was andalusia contemporary Lord of Sipan. In the pieces with him out as religious symbols, the cup or bowl for the sacrifice, a crown adorned with a metal owl with its wings extended and other elements to the worship of the moon.
Old Lord of Sipan
However, for the same DNA, has proven that with Unlike four generations, the Old Lord of Sipan was a direct ancestor of the Lord of Sipan, so one might think in a high-ranking hereditary.
In his tomb were found the remains of a young woman and a flame and sumptuous costumes full of gold and silver.
Based on the archaeological and DNA tests conducted, it has been establish the physiognomic characteristics of the Lord of Sipan skin color, your type of hair, eyelashes, eyes and all the features you had. Similarly, it could establish its age, so the reconstruction is made that this ruling may was.
Given the importance of finding prompted Walter Alva Construction A museum called the Royal Tombs of Sipan Museum which was opened in 2002. It is located in Lambayeque, and has been inspired by truncated pyramids ancient Mochica culture of the pre-Hispanic, (first century andalusia A.D. VII). The museum concentrates more than two thousand pieces of gold. Obviously, the main attraction is the tomb of the Lord of Sipan with his companions and their funerary offerings.