Peru is an amazing and magical country. It has unique natural and historical wonders. Tourism in this country is a spectacular and unforgettable experience. Here we make a brief ranking of the major tourist sites most visited:
- 1.- Machu Picchu: The lost city of the Incas "one of the 7 wonders of the world.
- 2.- Cusco: Ancient City "Archaeological Capital of America"
- 3.- The Sacred Valley of the Incas
- 4.- Lima "City of Kings"
- 5.- Inca (Capac Ñan) Road of the Incas
- 6.- Lake Titi Caca, the world's highest lake
- 7.- Arequipa and the Canyon Qolca
- 8.- The Nazca Lines and Ballestas Islands
- 9.- Amazonian town Iquitos
- 10.- Manu Nature Reserve
If you come to Peru, at least try to know the first 4 places, we would appreciate:
- 11.- The Lord of Sipan
- 12.- Caral
- 13.- Chavin of Huantar
- 14.- Kuelap
- 15.- Trujillo and Huanchaco
- 16.- Huaraz and the Callejón de Huaylas
1 .- Machu Picchu "The lost city of the Incas"
One of the 7 wonders of the world. MACHU PICCHU is considered, by its astonishing magnificence and harmonious construction, as one of the archaeological and architectural monuments of the most important planet. Located 2400 meters above sea level in the province of Urubamba, department of Cusco, Machu Picchu was surprised by how the stone buildings are deployed on a hill close and uneven, the edges of a cliff 400 meters deep, formed by the barrel which reaches the Urubamba River. Machu Picchu is a citadel surrounded by mystery because until now archeologists have been unable to decipher the history and function of this stone city of almost one kilometer in length, built by the Incas in a magical area, where Andean and rioja rioja amazonico.
2 .- Cusco: Ancient City "Archaeological Capital of America"
The name of the city was Qosqo Quechua or Qusqu. Tradition says that means heart, navel ring. This is because, according to Inca mythology, it confluÃan the world below (Uku Pacha) with the visible world (Kay Pacha) and the upper world (Hanan Pacha). Thus, the city was and is called the navel of the world, in reference to the universe.
Cusco by expanding in the valley formed by the river Huatanay and the surrounding hills. Its climate is generally dry and mild.
For its age and significance, the center of the city retains many buildings, plazas and streets of pre-Hispanic times as well as colonial buildings, which led it to become a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1983.
3 .- The Sacred Valley of the Incas
The Sacred Valley is between the towns of Pisac and Ollantaytambo, parallel andalusia Vilcanota river or Wilcamayu ( 'holy river'). You can access it from the city of Cusco.
If something striking in Cusco, its contrasts. When one is in the center of the city by walking its streets convoluted and mysterious, or sitting comfortably in the square, it is difficult to imagine the magnificent hills neighbors could harbor a landscape similar to the Sacred Valley. Few places in the Tahuantinsuyo could compete with the beauty and richness of this valley: not for nothing was given that name. Their "sacred" has survived the passage of time and magic that continues to seduce travelers. Many of them surrendered to her charm, they decide to up sticks and take root in the shade of eucalyptus trees on the banks of the Urubamba River.
4 .- Lima city of kings "
Lima, city of kings and viceroys, was always a sort of oasis of culture Boat in the Indian and American. Since its foundation, only a few decades were required to put on a par with Mexico as the largest metropolis in Spanish America. Baroque churches and Renaissance mansions and palaces, universities, archbishops and a cultural activity characterized the city since the dawn of the seventeenth century, when he had 25 thousand inhabitants.
Former Rimac River valley, indigenous word that means talkative, was originally inhabited by a fishing village ruled by the chief collectors Tauli Chusco. It was here that the January 18, 1535, the conquistador Francisco Pizarro founded the city of Lima, in large part due to the strategic location of its port in the center of the Peruvian coast and South America. In less than seven decades concentrated power and wealth of all the commercial and cultural activities of the Viceroyalty: had become the largest city in America.
5 .- Inca (Capac Ñan) Road of the Incas
The tour of this Inca is an unforgettable experience. The road is paved with blocks of rock, with ladders, tunnels and wooden bridges that cross rivers, valleys, temperate, the warm and cold cloud forest high Andes. All these makes the visitor meditate about the intellectual and spiritual grandeur of the Andean man whose greatest achievement was the Inca civilization.
The lost city of the Incas, Machu Picchu is without doubt a city symbol of Inca civilization. The road leading to the pilgrims and authorized officers of the empire in this holy city is the "Inca Trail" as we know it today.
6 .- El Lago Titi Caca, the highest lake of the world
Lake Titicaca is one of the most beautiful and mysterious of America. Its water to bathe and retain a majority indigenous population, which still keep the traditions of the Inca empire.
In this place the past and present come together around one of the most emblematic places of the Inca culture, and its mysteries remain staggering.
During an expedition composed of divers from the Navy and Peruvian experts in oceanography, conducted during October 2002, they found remains of what could be a lost city, built by a predecessor to the Inca people, under water the lake.
7 .- Arequipa and the Canyon Qolca
Arequipa the most important city in southern Peru, Arequipa, not only for its geographical location, economic status but also for its rich cultural, architectural and historical make "The White City" a must for all tourists coming to Peru, recently declared Cultural Heritage of Humanity UNESCO, Arequipa is experiencing an increase in visits by foreign tourists, who find accommodation in the city, picanterÃas (typical restaurants) and entertainment for all budgets.
The Canyon Qolca located in the province of Cailloma in Cabanaconde. The minimum time recommended to visit this attraction is 2 or 3 days, overnight in Achoma. The trip into the canyon is extremely interesting, not only by the beautiful landscape but also by presenting evidence of the dominance of the agricultural area by the ancient Peruvians, many platforms, monuments of colonial architecture in its picturesque villages, flora (variety of cactus ) and fauna (auquenidos, birds, condors).
8 .- The Nazca Lines and Ballestas Islands
The Nazca Lines are stripes have dimensions ranging from few meters to hundreds, starting apparently from nowhere, leading to no other. To draw these lines Nasca designers took advantage of the special geological and meteorological conditions of this site. The almost total absence of rain (half an hour every 2 years) combined with wind and soil rich in minerals, formed a thin crust of darkness, to be removed which is contrasted with the light color of the subsoil. Thus the broad lines and shapes appear as clear lines on a dark background that can only be observed from high altitude. This has led to conjecture the most varied and even the ridiculous proposal that was outlined by extraterrestrials, to deny the former inhabitants nasquence any symbolic ability and mathematical ability.
Las Islas Ballestasare islands in the Pacific Ocean near the coast of Peru. They are south of Lima, near the city of Paracas and the Paracas peninsula. On the peninsula you can rent boats to take you to the islands. It is not allowed to disembark, but not to disturb the animals living there, but close enough to appreciate much of what we see every day.
We were on a tour of two hotels in Paracas, Paracas more hotels in case you want to go and Paracas are all occupied. The boat was traveling where good size, about twenty passengers, completely open and at times has a high speed. The crew of the boat very accommodating and concerned about our safety and comfort.
9 .- Amazonian town Iquitos
Iquitos is an ideal place for lovers of ecotourism and those who want to feel the touch intimate with the virgin nature of the Amazon forest, the city may go into shelters in the middle of jungle, and for the more adventurous and daring can get to the parks and nature reserves, full and full of lush flora and fauna, with many still to discover, and many living species unknown to science. It is one of the most biodiverse in the world.
Iquitos is the capital of the department of Loreto, is located in the heart of the Peruvian jungle northeast, less than 4 Â° south of the equator and along the left bank of the Amazon River. For the difficult geography Amazon, Iquitos has no roads, and their communication is by air or river.
10 .- Manu Nature Reserve
To arrive by land to Manu National Park, is necessary since Qosqo and further stated that the route passes through Huancarane, Paucartambo, Patria, Pilcopata, Watchtower and Salvation where the Park Administration Offices and continue to Burgos and finally Shintuya. From Atalaya Shintuya or be rented boats with outboard motors for a ride all day and ride down the Alto Madre de Dios river through human settlements Ithahuania, Cruz de Mayo, Puerto Definitive Diamond and until arrive at Boca Manu is point of union or confluence of the Manu River and the Alto Madre de Dios, from here starts the journey upstream along the river to go into the Manu Park. By air (in small planes), it can reach the airstrip of Boca Manu from airports or Qosqo Puerto Maldonado.
11 .- The Lord of Sipan
The discovery of the royal tombs of the Lord of Sipan was an important milestone in the archeology American continent, because for the first time it was found intact and without signs of looting, a burial of a real Peruvian civilization before the Inca. The coffin was found in reeds, was the first of its kind to be found in America and revealed the splendor and majesty of the sole ruler and warrior of ancient Peru found to date of its discovery, whose life was spent around the year 250 AD
This discovery is incomparable in importance to that of other rulers in history have occurred for millennia.
Its discovery took place 500 meters from the village of Sipan is located in the Lambayeque region. Located on the north coast of the country to 751 kilometers from Lima. Bordered to the north with Lima, to the south with La Libertad, on the east, Cajamarca, on the west by the Pacific Ocean.
12 .- Caral
The oldest city in America was in the north of Peru, Caral, according to scientific evidence, has a mean age between 2627 and 2100 BC approximately.
The birthplace of American civilization:
Caral has some of the older buildings found in the Supe valley, with platforms on which there are two football stadiums and buildings of five floors.
While Egypt flourished along the Nile, 5000 years ago, a similar culture in complex began to emerge in Peru, where archaeologists have found the remains of the oldest civilization of America.
13 .- Chavin de Huantar
of Huantar Chavin is located in the Ancash region in Peru, 462 km from Lima and 3185 meters above sea level. Emerged around 1500 BCE. The pottery of ChavÃn can be found almost everywhere in Peru. Will not be the oldest archaeological site, nor the largest nor the most flamboyant, but it is considered as the center, such as Mecca, Jerusalem or Rome. He went to over thousands of years the center of pilgrimage in prehistoric Peru.
Surrounding landscape of the Cordillera Blanca which produce melt waters that lead to the MaraÃ±Ã³n River, where one is born of the four largest rivers in the world, the Amazon.
14 .- Kuelap
along with Machu Picchu, the fortress of Kuelap (eighth century AD), still beautiful unknown and shrouded in mystery and legend, is the largest archaeological monument of the ancient Peruvians. From its walls over 20 meters high, 3 thousand meters above sea level, the panoramic view is unbeatable. Entrenched in the upper valley Utcubamba, circular architecture and fine interior design in their homes, the construction required the use of 40 million square feet of material. Alleys to walls in the shape of funnels in decline to allow entry inside the premises. There are three entrances that lead to heart de Kuelap. In one narrow alley-ways are to prevent passing more than one person at a time, which facilitated the defense of the ancient inhabitants of the fortress. To the left of the runway there is a semicircular series deviviendas in perfect condition. A few meters ahead is the dark (circular structure with sloping walls). It is believed that there were human and animal sacrifices.
15 .- Huanchaco and Trujillo
Trujillo.- is located in the northeastern part West of Peru, known as the City of Eternal Spring, is the capital of La Libertad Region, is the main city of northern Peru and heads the cultural and economic movement in this region.
The center of the city has beautiful buildings, a product of religious architecture, prevalent during the colonial era, such as the Cathedral, the Monastery "El Carmen" and many other churches, as well as splendid mansions dating from the same period and the dawn of the republic.
With beautiful and modern residential areas, a dynamic central business district, and flourishing industries; Trujillo is well known in Peru as the Marine National Capital, the city blends tradition and modernity.
Currently, Huanchaco has constituted one of the most beautiful resorts of the Peruvian coast. The beauty of its beaches, and its formidable waves continue to attract tourists from around the world.
Just ten minutes from the city of Trujillo, to the north, you come to Huanchaco. Our hotel is located at Km 13.5 of the highway to Huanchaco, a few 500 meters of the spa. We have a magnificent sea view, where you can fully enjoy all that our hotel and Huanchaco offered.
Huanchaco, traditional fishermen's cove, whose residents until now kept many of the customs of their ancestors Mochica, so much so that the tiny craft called "horses" totora remain the main working tool of the current huanchaquero fisherman.
16 .- Huaraz and Callejon de Huaylas
Huaraz It is the capital of Ancash, and is located in the heart of the Callejon de Huaylas. It has comfortable tourist services that let you enjoy a pleasant stay.
It is the capital of Ancash, its altitude is 3080 meters above sea level, is one of the most important cities of the highlands of Peru.
Huaraz has the title the very generous Huaraz , for their sacrifice and commitment to the cause of American Independence (1824).
The Callejon de Huaylas.- is a paradise, and is named for the central section of the Andean valley formed by the Santa River, enclosed in the Cordillera Blanca and Cordillera Negra, has an excellent climate throughout the year, was the cradle of great ancient civilizations, emphasizing the Chavín culture. The city base to discover this area is Huaraz.
The landscape of the Cordillera Blanca, east of the valley, with snow-capped mountains and turquoise lagoons, at the foot of the mountains, and little further down, near the Santa River, Andean village of farmers and pastoralists make this a unique destination in Peru.