Also known as the City of Iquitos capital of the province of Maynas and the department of Loreto, ninth city of Peru, it is also the largest capital of the Peruvian Amazon.
It is surrounded by the Amazonas, Nanay and Itaya rivers and the Moronacocha Lake, with an approximate population of 457 396 inhabitant in which it is conformed by a total of four districts: Iquitos, Punchana, Belén and San Juan Bautista.
The vast majority of mining industries in this city are made up of fishing, logging, oil, mining and agriculture, has a high economic activity in tourism, crafts, bakery and beverages such as beer, is mainly characterized by the gastronomy, its Amazonian landscapes, and a growing cultural movement. He received the award of Amazonia as a natural wonder of the world.
The historic center of the city of Iquitos has several Cultural Patrimony of the Nation such as: the Iquitos Cathedral, the Iron House, the Old Palace Hotel, the Cohen House, the Morey House; Other points of reference are the Plaza de Armas of Iquitos, the Jirón Prospero, is one of the roads that brings together several commercial and historical places and the busy Barrio Belén nicknamed as the "Amazonian Venice". Iquitos also hosts the Amazon Library, which is one of the two most important in Latin America.
Iquitos experiences an equatorial climate has constant rainfall throughout the year so there is no defined dry season, temperatures average 21 ° C to 33 ° C average annual temperature is 26.7 ° C two seasons account :
Pluvioso winter: it begins in the month of November and ends in May, in the months of March and April it has a more humid climate, in the months of May in Rio Amazonas reaches its highest levels, likewise in the month of October constantly falls 9 or 12 meters.
Summer: provides a very different climate, the months of July and August are the driest, the average temperature is 30 ° C and 32 ° C, likewise they are used to dry things; similarly, some periods of downpours are maintained. Similarly, it also has microclimates: rain or garua is present in some areas of the districts, as well as some places in the city are cloudy or clear.
Flora and fauna
Iquitos has an immense biodiversity prehistorically and a natural landscape because of its location in the Peruvian Amazon, as well as 6 fossils of Miocene crocodiles which include 3 new species (Kuttanacaiman iquitosensis, Gnatusuchus pebasensis and the wannlangston caiman), and the dwarf alligator Paleosuchus.
At present, the Iquitos ecosystem remains varied. The flora is composed of a total of 850 species, among which are palms and 22 species of orchids, which provide the forest attraction within the urban landscape. The regal victory is also present. The extensive forests that are settled within the metropolitan influence hosts a fauna with a total of 130 species of mammals; 330 of birds; 150 of reptiles and amphibians, as well as a total of 250 species of fish.
In the city inhabits the wild pigeon (Columba Livia), exclusively in the square July 28, likewise there were the presence of bull sharks (carcharhinus leucas) who come from the Atlantic Ocean traveling 3,360 kilometers to Iquitos.
The great biodiversity that Iquitos Metropolitano protects and harbors is of great importance, it is related strictly to its urban planning, which places a limit in areas where farms should not be built, in this way informal settlements are seen as a risk.
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